Western Medicine Department of Acupuncture School

A comprehensive and robust western medical education is one of the hallmarks of California acupuncture schools. This is no exception at Emperor’s College. The Department of Western Medicine is one of four areas of study in the Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine (MTOM) program at Emperor’s College and is composed of 77 units of clinically significant information.

California acupuncturists are granted the status of “primary care provider” and function at a high level of medical practice. Amongst the medical privileges granted to acupuncturists in California is the ability to be a patient’s primary medical provider, health insurance coverage, and the use of western medical diagnostic tools such as blood labs and imaging testing such as Xrays, CT scans and MRI tests.

As such, acupuncture students at Emperor’s College become well-versed in western medicine and gain the knowledge and confidence required to function as an integrative medical provider. Year 1 of the western medicine department begins with basic western sciences and progressively advances to learning how to collaborate with western physicians in the treatment of serious medical conditions through Year 4. The department is rounded off with the professional skills needed for success such as insurance billing, building a referral network, and marketing tips.

Click the course code for full description

Course CodeTitleUnitsHours
Description
WS200Chemistry330
WS200 Chemistry (3 units, 30 hours)

This course is designed to teach elementary principles of chemistry and chemical elements and compounds. It includes an investigation of the constituents of matter, electron arrangement, the periodic table, chemical bonds and reactions, phase states, solutions, acids, bases and electrolytes.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS205Anatomy and Physiology I330
WS205 Anatomy & Physiology I (3 units, 30 hours)

This is one of four anatomy and physiology courses and is the prerequisite for the remaining courses in this series.

Anatomy and Physiology I examines the normal structure and function of the human Integumentary and Musculoskeletal Systems at the gross and intrastructural levels. It includes a detailed analysis of muscle actions, innervations, and clinically relevant origins and insertions.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered every quarter.
WS206Anatomy and Physiology II330
WS206 Anatomy & Physiology II (3 units, 30 hours)

This course examines the normal physical structures and functions of the pulmonary, cardiovascular, lymphatic and immune systems, genetics and their clinical correlations.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I

Normally offered every quarter.
WS207Anatomy and Physiology III330
WS207 Anatomy & Physiology III (3 units, 30 hours)

This course details the normal structure, function and clinical correlations of the renal, reproductive, and digestive systems, including associated areas of metabolism, electrolytes and growth and development.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS208Anatomy and Physiology IV330
WS208 Anatomy & Physiology IV (3 units, 30 hours)

This course analyzes the endocrine system, the central and peripheral nervous systems, the autonomic nervous system and the general and special senses and their clinical correlations.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS210Biochemistry330
WS210 Biochemistry (3 units, 30 hours)

This course examines biochemical reactions in living systems, investigating functional groups, essential compounds, and metabolic pathways in eukaryotic cells. Biochemistry is foundational to understanding the chemical dynamics of physiology, nutrition, pharmacology and herbal medicine.

Prerequisites: Chemistry and Biology

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS220Physics220
WS220 Physics (2 units, 20 hours)

This course provides the basic information in the fields of mechanics, heat and sound, as well as light, electricity, magnetism, atoms and modern physics. The fundamental laws of physics are explained and discussed.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters
WS230Biology 330
WS230 Biology (3 units, 30 hours)

Biology is a foundational subject for the medical sciences. This course is a study of living systems. It includes an examination of evolution, cellular structure and function, body systems, metabolism, homeostasis, genetics and reproduction.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS240General Psychology220
WS240 General Psychology (2 units, 20 hours)

This course introduces the major ideas and theories of the various schools of psychology as they conceptualize and influence the understanding and treatment of patients at various stages of development, including their meaning for health promotion and education, as well as clinical patient-practitioner interactions.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS255Psychology of Patient Care220
WS255 Psychology of Patient Care (2 units, 20 hours)

This course analyzes clinical signs and symptoms of major psychological disorders listed in the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) for treatment or for professional referral. Additional topics include patient-practitioner rapport, communication skills, and multicultural sensitivity.

Prerequisites: General Psychology

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS260Basic Nutrition220
WS260 Basic Nutrition (2 units, 20 hours)

A study of the basic principles of nutritional science, including the classic nutritional deficiencies and the roles of nutritional components in various stages of the life cycle. Additional course topics include applications to community nutrition and health care. The functions of specific nutrients including their sources from dietary elements are presented.

Prerequisites: Western Medical Terminology, Biology, Chemistry, Biochemistry

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS271Pathophysiology I330
WS271 Pathophysiology I (3 units, 30 hours)

Pathophysiology is a four-course series that presents the fundamentals of biophysiological processes as they relate to the development of diseases and their manifestations.

Pathophysiology I introduces the fundamentals of disease processes as they relate to cellular dynamics, inflammation and repair, fluid and electrolyte balance, acid/base and blood gas regulation, hemodynamics, and immunity. This material is then summarized into clinical relevancy through the consideration of the related symptoms.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I-IV, Biology, Chemistry, Biochemistry and Western Medical Terminology

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS272 Pathophysiology II330
WS272 Pathophysiology II (3 units, 30 hours)

This course presents the etiologies, pathogenesis and major disease mechanisms of the circulatory, respiratory and renal systems, as well as the pathologic changes that occur in these disorders.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I-IV, Biology, Chemistry, Biochemistry and Western Medical Terminology

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS273Pathophysiology III330
WS273 Pathophysiology III (3 units, 30 hours)

This course analyzes the major pathological mechanisms and changes related to disorders of the gastrointestinal, endocrine and nervous systems.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I-IV, Biology, Chemistry, Biochemistry and Western Medical Terminology

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS274Pathophysiology IV330
WS274 Pathophysiology IV (3 units, 30 hours)

This course analyzes the major pathological mechanisms and changes related to disorders of the musculoskeletal and reproductive systems. It also covers functional disease processes.

Prerequisites: Anatomy & Physiology I-IV, Biology, Chemistry, Biochemistry and Western Medical Terminology

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS290East/West Medical History220
WS290 East/West Medical History (2 units, 20 hours)

This course provides an overview of the history of events and ideas that led to the development of both Eastern and Western medical paradigms. It surveys the major impact of specific historical events as well as the individuals who contributed to the medical advances and practices seen today. From Huang Di to John Hopkins, many of the major Eastern and Western medical pioneers will be discussed and analyzed.

Prerequisites: Fundamentals of Oriental Medicine

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS301Western Physical Assessment440
WS301 Western Physical Assessment (4 units, 40 hours)

This course provides training in the techniques of history-taking and physical assessment according to the Western clinical paradigm. The emphasis will be on the hands-on training to prepare students to be able to perform the procedures of the physical examination with a high degree of comfort and skill. This course covers the complete physical examinations of the skin, head, sense organs, chest, abdomen, as well as basic orthopedic and neurological tests.

Prerequisites: Pathophysiology I

Normally offered every quarter.
WS319Western Medical Terminology220
WS319 Western Medical Terminology (2 units, 20 hours)

This course provides a working familiarity of common medical terminology used in Western medicine, including the definitions, roots, prefixes, suffixes and proper pronunciation of terms, emphasizing their clinical context. This course is foundational for the western sciences and allows for communication with other health care providers.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered every quarter.
WS335Clinical Nutrition220
WS335 Clinical Nutrition (2 units, 20 hours)

This course presents the concepts and applications of Western clinical nutrition for the practicing acupuncturist, including diet modification and nutritional supplementation programs for prevention and treatment of the major diseases.

Prerequisites: Basic Nutrition

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS400Medical Ethics & Jurisprudence 220
WS400 Medical Ethics & Jurisprudence (2 units, 20 hours)

This course examines the ethical issues surrounding licensed practice in the field of TCM. Course topics include standards of medical ethics, ethical issues, legal issues, and the rules and regulations relating to the practice of acupuncture and Oriental medicine with an emphasis on California acupuncture laws.

Prerequisites: Mid-Curriculum Exam (written and practical)

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS430Public Health 220
WS430 Public Health (2 units, 20 hours)

This course presents an introduction to public health and epidemiology, including the distribution and correlates of illness in the population and current efforts to prevent and control risk factors that contribute to morbidity and mortality. Additional topics include public health issues that face the primary care provider including TCM practitioners.

Prerequisites: None

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS471Western Clinical Medicine I330
WS471 Western Clinical Medicine I (3 units, 30hours)

This survey course presents an overview of selected common diseases observed and treated in biomedicine, including neurology, psychiatry and gastroenterology. The etiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and first line of allopathic treatment will be presented and discussed with the emphasis on the clinical manifestations of the diseases.

Prerequisites: Pre Internship Course, Pathophysiology I-IV, General Psychology, Clinical Diagnosis by Lab Data, Introduction to Medical Imaging, Advanced Acupuncture Technique

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.

WS472Western Clinical Medicine II330
WS472 Western Clinical Medicine II (3 units, 30 hours)

This survey course presents an overview of common diseases observed and treated in biomedicine, including rheumatology, hematology, endocrinology and dermatology. The etiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and first line of allopathic treatment will be presented and discussed with the emphasis on the clinical manifestations of the diseases.

Prerequisites: Pre Internship Course, Pathophysiology I-IV, General Psychology, Clinical Diagnosis by Lab Data, Introduction to Medical Imaging, Advanced Acupuncture Technique

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS473Western Clinical Medicine III330
WS473 Western Clinical Medicine III (3 units, 30 hours)

This survey course presents an overview of selected common diseases observed and treated in biomedicine including cardiovascular, respiratory and urinary systems. This course also presents disorders encountered in obstetrics and gynecology. The etiology, pathogenesis, differential diagnosis and first line of allopathic treatment will be presented and discussed with the emphasis on the clinical manifestations of the diseases.

Prerequisites: Pre Internship Course, Pathophysiology I-IV, General Psychology, Clinical Diagnosis by Lab Data, Introduction to Medical Imaging, Advanced Acupuncture Techniques

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS495Western Pharmacology 330
WS495 Western Pharmacology (3 units, 30 hours)

This course introduces the basic concepts and pharmacological principles of Western pharmaceuticals and their major categories. Topics include pharmacological distribution, metabolism, excretion, and the mechanisms by which drugs produce their therapeutic effects. Course emphasis is on general principles that can be applied broadly to groups or categories of medications. Students learn the major classes of drugs and specific examples within each class, potential drug-drug and drug-herb interactions.

Prerequisite: Pathophysiology I

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS499Clinical Diagnosis by Lab Data 220
WS499 Clinical Diagnosis by Lab Data (2 units, 20 hours)

This course provides the TCM student with a basic understanding of clinical laboratory and diagnostic tests, including blood, urine and stool tests, chemistry and microbiological studies, and an overview of specialized tests. Interpretation of test results and their clinical significance will be discussed, as well as indications for ordering tests and working with a lab to place orders.

Prerequisites: Pathophysiology I-IV

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS501Practice Management I330
WS501 Practice Management (3 units, 30 hours)

Upper level students will survey the clinical practices of medicine, including osteopathy, dentistry, psychology, nursing, chiropractic, podiatry, naturopathy, and homeopathy to familiarize practitioners with the practices of these health care providers. Additionally, students will learn to develop appropriate referral networks and discover the essentials of business in support of their post-graduate employment, including establishing a private and/or group practice as well as working in an integrated setting, including managed care.

Prerequisites: Mid-Curriculum Examination (written and practical)

Normally offered in winter and summer quarters.
WS502Practice Management II330
WS502 Practice Management II (3 units, 30 hours)

Upper level students will continue learning the competencies and information required for successful post-graduate clinical practice. Topics include follow-up care, final review, functional outcome measures, prognosis and future medical care, case management for injured workers, insurance including Medicare and Medicaid, knowledge and use of CPT and ICD-9 billing codes, role of Qualified Medical Examiners, medical report writing, medical testimony and independent medical review, special care, and seriously ill patients, including emergency procedures.

Prerequisites: Mid-Curriculum Examination (written and practical), Practice Management I

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
WS590Introduction to Medical Imaging 220
WS590 Introduction to Medical Imaging Procedures (2 units, 20 hours)

An introductory imaging course for the TCM student. This course provides an overview of radiation physics and protection, normal radiographic anatomy, common pathologies, radiologist reports and ordering imaging for diagnostic purposes. Areas of discussion include: X-Ray, CT, MRI, PET, ultrasound and nuclear medicine.

Prerequisites: Pathophysiology I-IV

Normally offered in spring and fall quarters.
Total77770

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